Currently there is a bug in SimpleCaptcha library that prevents it running in non-graphics environments. It will throw a java.awt.HeadlessException. Although the code does not rely on various graphics classes, they were left causing this problem.
I fixed the code and recompiled it. You can download the fixed JAR file here. Do not forget to set the system property java.awt.headless to true, e.g. by specifying Djava.awt.headless=true at command line.