Posts Tagged ‘directories’

Scanning directories with Perl

Tuesday, November 27th, 2007

I often come across a task to do specific processing for each file at a subdirectory tree. Here is a skeleton code for what you need to get it started.

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#!/usr/bin/perl
 
my $ROOTDIR = shift;
processDir($ROOTDIR);
 
exit 0;
 
# This is the main routine. Do not change it unless you know what you do!
sub processDir {
   my $dir = shift;
   my (@FILES, $entry, $path);
 
   if (opendir(DIRIN, $dir)) {
      @FILES = readdir(DIRIN);
      closedir(DIRIN);
 
      # iterate over dir entries
      foreach $entry (@FILES) {
         next if $entry eq '..';
         next if $entry eq '.';
         $path = "$dir/$entry";
 
         if (-f $path) {
            if (fileCheck($path)) {
               processFile($path);
            }
         } elsif (-d $path) {
            if (dirCheck($path)) {
               # recurse into subdir
               processDir($path);
            }
         }
      }
   }
}
 
# Do your file processing in this function only
# $file will have the complete path
sub processFile {
   my $file = shift;
}
 
# This function decides whether a file should be processed or not
# Return 1 when you want a file to be processed
# $file will have the complete path
sub fileCheck {
   my $file = shift;
   return 1;
}
 
# This function decides whether a directory should be searched recursively.
# Return 1 when you want the algorithm to steep into the directory.
# $dir will have the complete path
sub dirCheck {
   my $dir = shift;
   return 1;
}

You only will need to override lines 39-41. In case you don’t want to handle all files and directories, just make appropriate implementations in functions checkFile() and checkDir() respectively. This code works on all platforms.